The Devil You Say

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Life has a way of narrowing down your options. When they’re reduced to two equally undesirable and dangerous alternatives, you’re said to be between the devil and the deep blue sea.

Though the situation reeks of evil, it actually has little to do with Satan or his environs. Its origins instead can be found at sea. In the days of the clipper ship, sailors were often ordered to do repair work on the seam in the hull which was on or below the water line. Its location made work there extremely difficult and hazardous; sailors who were ordered to do so, often referring to it as a “devil of a task.” After having been said enough times, “devil” came to name the seam itself, leaving the tars (who got their name from the substance with which they worked) between the devil and the deep blue sea.

Not knowing what dangers lay ahead, there could be all hell to pay—serious repercussions arising from the job. Closer examination shows it to be nothing more than that devilish seam again. The original phrase was “the devil to pay and hot pitch,” pitch being the sticky tar used for water-proofing and caulking with which they were “paying” or waterproofing the area.

The job was pure hell. So when this lengthy phrase became all-purpose, we pared it down to all hell to pay.

What in tarnation are we talking about?” you might ask. It’s only a mild expletive for “damn,” “hell,” or the “devil”—probably a variation of “darnation” (“darn” being a euphemism for “damn”)—though a case might also be made linking it to the cursing of the aforementioned tars. Having a devilish time with your own bad choices? Sticky as they may be, things are never quite as bad as they seam 🙂

Word Origin Comics: The ABC’s of Education

Teachers: Help your students gain a heightened appreciation for the power of language through the story of word origins in our comic book format. It’s an easy and fun way for students to increase their vocabulary by learning the history of language and how it relates to larger contemporary issues as well as to issues in their own personal life.

“Would you tell me, please, which way to go from here?” asked Alice.
“That depends a good deal on where you want to get to,” said the cat.
~ Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland

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The second page of the comics are HERE

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SEX

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Defining the word sex represents one of the more formidable tasks of our time. Let’s try.

   Sex comes from the Latin secare, “to cut or divide” — our first use of the word designating the two major categories of humanity we have come to know and love as male and female.

According to Greek mythology, we began life as a perfect four-armed and-legged he/she unit. Unfortunately we were so taken with ourselves that we offended the mighty Zeus who proceeded to sever us into two separate entities.

We later used the word not only to divide the sexes, but to describe the primary qualities of being male or female. This unfortunately led to the male being referred to as “the better” and the “sterner” sex; the female as “the fairer,” “the gentler,” “the softer,” and “the devout” sex. Women were also called “the second sex,” further underscoring the division.

To address the problem, we began using sex to help forge a new togetherness, a way of  finally getting our act together.

Today, having sex (20th C.) literally speaks to that unifying process.

Indeed!

Word Origin Comics: How Learned Are You?

Teachers: Help your students gain a heightened appreciation for the power of language through the story of word origins in our comic book format. It’s an easy and fun way for students to increase their vocabulary by learning the history of language and how it relates to larger contemporary issues as well as to issues in their own personal life.

_________

Maybe Dauntless was formed with good intentions, with the right ideals and the right goals. But it has strayed far from them. And the same is true of Erudite, I realize. A long time ago, Erudite pursued knowledge and ingenuity for the sake of doing good. Now they pursue knowledge and ingenuity with greedy hearts. I wonder if the other factions suffer from the same problem. I have not thought about it before.

—- Veronica Roth

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Macho Macho Man

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Years ago you’d find him slithering about clandestinely as a parlor snake (c.1915) or a lounge lizard (c.1912).

Now he’s out in the open, his status elevated to a philanderer (17thC.), originally a female lover of men, later a lover, and finally a “male flirt.” Others know him as libertine, from the Roman deity  Liber, a god of fertility whose annual celebration featured a giant wooden phallus being carted about the countryside, followed by drunken revelers who later crowned it with a wreath. There’s even been talk of him as a rake (16thC). ”You’d have to rake hell to find another like him.”

An integral part of the Western literary tradition, he identifies with the greatest, including Lothario, Casanova, and Don Juan. This isn’t your average Romeo we’re talking about.

Some think him macho, from the Spanish machismo “exaggerated masculine pride,” and a real cool dude (mid 20thC.), entering the language in 1883 as a term of ridicule for a “dandy “or a swell” — from the German dudenkopf, a “drowsy head.” A condition that often left him dawdling about the bars.

Zsa Zsa Gabor wasn’t impressed, noting that “macho does not prove mucho.”

Discover This: Columbus Day

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Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World on October 13, 1492. A Dutch sailor, Pie de Stynie, however, persuaded him to change the log to the 12th for fear the 13th might trouble both the superstitious sailors and potential investors.

Luck still eluded Columbus. The continent(s) ended up bearing not his name but that of Amerigo Vespucci, the Florentine navigator, whose accounts of discovery so impressed geographer, Martin Waldseemüller that he named them after him.

“Discovery” also brought with it the principle of finders keepers, losers weepers, a variation of an Ancient Roman concept that if you find something, it’s yours. A popular piece of  America’s verbal lore and child’s play since the middle of the 19th century, it no longer has any standing under the law.

Being discovered and laid claim to must have been a surprise to the people living there. You might think possession is nine points of the law (17thC.). But it comes from possidere, “to sit in power,” from posse + sidere, and real power rested with the newcomers. Their arms and numbers made them a potent force from potis, “powerful,” leaving the natives to discover that the only thing possible was “ the power to be.”

Word Origins Comics: It’s Hip to Be Square

Enough about oddballs and out of the box activity. Let’s hear it for the ordinary folk, their humble origins, and their impact on the language….

“Hip to Be Square” is a song by Huey Louis and the News, sung from the perspective of a once free-spirited hippie of the 1960’s who has now embraced the “square” yuppie lifestyle of the 80’s.

Anyone out there remember the hippies? You can find them here.

I used to be a renegade, I used to fool around
But I couldn’t take the punishment and had to settle down
Now I’m playing it real straight, and yes, I cut my hair
You might think I’m crazy, but I don’t even care
Because I can tell what’s going on

It’s hip to be square
It’s hip to be square

I like my bands in business suits, I watch them on TV
I’m working out most every day and watching what I eat
They tell me that it’s good for me, but I don’t even care
I know that it’s crazy
I know that it’s nowhere
But there is no denying that

It’s hip to be square
It’s hip to be square
It’s hip to be square
So hip to be square

It’s not too hard to figure out, you see it every day
And those that were the farthest out have gone the other way
You see them on the freeway, it don’t look like a lot of fun
But don’t you try to fight it, an idea whose time has come

Don’t tell me that I’m crazy
Don’t tell me I’m nowhere
Take it from me
It’s hip to be square
It’s hip to be square
It’s hip to be square
So hip to be square

Tell ‘em, boys
Here, there, and everywhere
Hip, hip, so hip to be a square
Here, there, and everywhere
Hip, hip

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The second page of the comics are HERE

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Jeeps Whiz!

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On August 1, 1941, Parade magazine touted the arrival of ‘the army’s most intriguing new gadget.” Its official name was a “one and a quarter ton four-by-four command reconnaissance car.” We would come to know and love it as the jeep.

Whence came the “jeep?” Some say it’s merely the “G.P.” for “general purpose vehicle,” though it was never referred to as such. Others point to the Popeye cartoon strip by E.C. Segar and a weird little animal of that name possessed of supernatural powers  who ran around squealing “jeep!…jeep!…jeep!

In truth the jeep wasn’t much of a vehicle. Awkward to maneuver, constantly leaking oil, it only rarely was able to run continuously for more than four hours.

Nonetheless, it captured the imagination and the affection of both the military and the public at large. General Eisenhower said we couldn’t have won World War II without it.

Never again would we would think of cars the same way. The jeep begot an entire line of SUVS, UTES, Wranglers, Explorers, Broncos, and Hummers. Nothing any longer stands in our way. Across the mountains. The far side of the mall.  Through the snow drifts. To Little League practice. Waiting the next adventure. The next challenge.

Jeep!… jeep!… jeep!