Word Origin Comics: Sweet Charity Gone Sour

Using a comic book format, the story of word origins and their relationship to contemporary and personal issues, students can gain a new understanding of the power of words and how best to use them, while expanding their vocabulary.

“Love is not patronizing and charity isn’t about pity, it is about love. Charity and love are the same — with charity you give love, so don’t just give money but reach out your hand instead.”

― Mother Teresa

“A bone to the dog is not charity. Charity is the bone shared with the dog, when you are just as hungry as the dog.”

― Jack London

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The second page of the comics are HERE

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Yum Yum, Desserts

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Two of the more prominent personalities to have graced our criminal justice system were O.J. Simpson, football star and celebrity extraordinaire, and Louise Woodward, the notorious au pair.

In each instance, prosecutors thought the case a piece of cake. Defense lawyers dreamt of a pie-in the-sky vindication. Though the verdicts are finally in, the question remains. Did the two receive their just deserts?

Hey, we’re not just talking chocolate mousse here. We set the table once with the French servir. After having completed our meal, we cleared it with desservir, giving us our desserts, which first  referred to the fruits and nuts placed on the table after all else had been removed.

Whether you merited them or not is irrelevant. Your just deserts derive instead from an entirely different source — from the Old French deservir, “to serve well”—  making you truly deserving.

Another matter altogether is the French désert, déserter, from the Latin, déserer, desert-, “to abandon.”

If you think our criminal justice system is a vast wasteland of sorts, i.e. a desert — it’s sure to leave you with good reason for feeling deserted.

 

Word Origin Comics: The Only Thing We Have to Fear

Donald Trump and the events of the outside world got you in a tizzy? A few words (and pictures) of comfort.

“In many of the more relaxed civilizations on the Outer Eastern Rim of the Galaxy, the Hitch-Hiker’s Guide has already supplanted the great Encyclopaedia Galactica as the standard repository of all knowledge and wisdom, for though it has many omissions and contains much that is apocryphal, or at least wildly inaccurate, it scores over the older, more pedestrian work in two important respects. First, it is slightly cheaper; and secondly it has the words DON’T PANIC inscribed in large friendly letters on its cover.”

― Douglas Adams, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy

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Sing a Little Song for Me

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Stool pigeons who sing like canaries are pure music to the ears of the criminal justice system.

But, alas, there’s nary a passenger pigeon among them. Once numbering in the billions, they’re now extinct, done in by cruel 19th century fowlers who hunted them for sport.

Their favorite method was to tie decoy birds by a long string to a stool. Moving the string up and down, they would then lure their prey within range of their weapons. The decoy bird was of course our very first stool-pigeon — though a good case can also be made for its roots from the Old English stale, “a living bird used to catch others of the same species.”

No surprise then to see the stool pigeon enter the ranks of law enforcement around 1830, as slang for a “criminal decoy.” Influenced by the term “carrier pigeon,” an earlier designation for an informer, the stool pigeon soon evolved into “one who snitched to the police” (c.1898).

Police soon had a chorus of informers on their hands when these birds started singing as a way of incriminating themselves and others.

But why does the stool pigeon sing like a canary?  Because pigeons don’t sing very well. That’s why.

And on that note…Tweet that.

Shyster Lawyers

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Looking for legal assistance? Look no further.  We turn to attorneys in times of need, derived as they are from the French à, “to” and tourner, “to turn” — enabling them “to act on behalf of another.”

Somehow along the way, however, they got detoured, literally “turned away from” their mission. Take the Philadelphia lawyer (18thC.), a “clever practitioner of the law.” Please.

The term originated with Alexander Hamilton who in 1735, while attorney general of Philadelphia, secured the acquittal of  publisher, John Peter Zenger, on charges of criminal libel, thereby establishing the principle of freedom of the press and  himself and  his city as all that is good about the profession.

It’s been downhill ever since. When lawyers gathered together in Saratoga New York on August 8, 1878 to form the American Bar Association, its initial membership included mouthpieces (1857),  from their most prominent asset and shysters (1834) from the German scheise, “s**t.” In 1897, they added ambulance chasers.

No accident, that when we call someone a Philadelphia lawyer today, we’re referring to one who knows the law and how to manipulate it. Not to despair however. As Ben Franklin noted, “God works wonders now and then/ Behold a lawyer, an honest man.”

Gumshoes

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In September of 1949, the show, “Martin Kane, Private Eye,” made its debut on TV — featuring a smooth talking, wisecracking operator who worked closely with the police out of Happy McMann’s tobacco shop. Hardly a man of vision, this  private eye (1942)  was just the “i” in p.i, an abbreviated version of the private investigator.

Earlier he had been an eavesdropper, “one who listened secretly to conversations” (1450), from no other place than the space on the ground on which rainwater dropped from the eaves.

As to his snooping (1832), that  came from the Dutch snoepen, “to eat in secret” or “grab some sweets on the sly.”

But it took the Latin tegere, “to cover” + de, “off,” to help him  detegere, “to uncover” things — which is, after all,  what detecting is all about. It also made him a detective  (1836)—the first fictional one being Auguste Dupin, created by the pen of Edgar Allan Poe.

Condensed, he became the Dick (1900), later, a gumshoe, from the rubber-soled shoes he reputedly wore to assure noiseless movement.

Whodunit?” you ask. It’s a word first coined in 1930 in an article in the American News of Books. Here it’s William Gargan and Lloyd Nolan, the first two Martin Kanes.

Word Origin Comics: What’s Your Brand?

“If opportunity doesn’t come knocking at your door, build a brand.”

― Bernard Kelvin Clive

“Maybe the Truth of the Meaning of Life, Ancient and Arcane Knowledge of the Great Unknowable Universe is handed down only to persons presenting with the correct brand-name footwear. If you turn up wearing Shoe City knock-offs, you don’t get to pass Go and collect Infinite Enlightenment.”

― Tracy Engelbrecht, The Girl Who Couldn’t Say No

“Life isn’t about the brand of clothes you wear, or about who looks the best. It’s about the number of faces which smile when they hear your name”

― Christian O. Ortiz, Classified : The Human Women Guide

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Scandals and Impeachment

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The scandalous news emanating from the White House and the impeachment of the President provide a wonderful instance where real life parallels the history of language— as well as a defense of his actions. .

Scandal was originally not something you brought upon yourself, but something others got you into. The Greek skandalon, caused you to “stumble” — making for the Latin scandalus, a “snare” in which you were unwittingly caught. No blame here. Only later did it become a “stumbling block” — though even then, it was considered more a “hindrance” impeding your progress, than something which impacted on your image and career.

Things were similarly afoot with impeachment — deriving as it does from impedicare, to “fetter,” from  pes, ped-, “foot,” pedica, “shackles on the feet,” and pedicare, “to trip.”

It took many years of “fettering” or “hindering,” before it finally became an empechement, a “charge,” leading to the first accusation of a public official of misconduct in 1568.

Our first unimpeachable person, “one above suspicion,” didn’t surface until 1785 — leaving one wondering whether he was really so or just impossible to trip up. Unfortunately, this still leaves unanswered the current question, “Did he fall or was he pushed?